$1 Notes Summary

See also: $2 | $5 | $10 | $20 | $50 | $100 | $500+

$1 Federal Reserve Notes

The numbers in the table are the first and last serials printed for regular notes on the given FRB in the given series. Except as noted, no gaps occur in the numbering. For information on star note serial number ranges, see the page for each individual series.

Maximum serial numbers have varied over time: Until late in Series 1974, each block ran from 00000001 to 99999999. From late in Series 1974 until the middle of Series 1981, each block stopped at 99840000. From the middle of Series 1981 until the middle of Series 1988, each block stopped at 99200000. And from the middle of Series 1988 onward, each block stops at 96000000. Also, serial numbers ending with letters O and Z are not used. These facts should be kept in mind when interpreting ranges in the table which span more than one block letter.

Series Federal Reserve District (First letter of serial number) Star Notes
printed for
Series
ABCDEF GHIJKL
1963 A 000 00001 A
A 876 80000 A
B 000 00001 A
B 192 00000 C
C 000 00001 A
C 236 80000 B
D 000 00001 A
D 083 20000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 595 20000 B
F 000 00001 A
F 211 20000 C
G 000 00001 A
G 793 60000 C
H 000 00001 A
H 998 40000 A
I 000 00001 A
I 448 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 889 60000 A
K 000 00001 A
K 857 60000 A
L 000 00001 A
L 999 99999 B
all 1963
1963A A 000 00001 A
A 198 40000 D
B 000 00001 A
B 576 00000 G
C 000 00001 A
C 755 20000 D
D 000 00001 A
D 371 20000 D
E 000 00001 A
E 320 00000 F
F 000 00001 A
F 364 80000 G
G 000 00001 A
G 844 80000 H
H 000 00001 A
H 640 00000 C
I 000 00001 A
I 121 60000 B
J 000 00001 A
J 192 00000 C
K 000 00001 A
K 889 60000 C
L 000 00001 A
L 768 00000 F
all 1963A
1963B - B 576 00001 G
B 806 40000 H
- - E 320 00001 F
E 256 00000 G
- G 844 80001 H
G 755 20000 I
- - J 192 00001 C
J 640 00000 C
- L 768 00001 F
L 832 00000 G
B E G L 1963B
1969 A 000 00001 A
A 992 00000 A
B 000 00001 A
B 691 20000 C
C 000 00001 A
C 684 80000 A
D 000 00001 A
D 204 80000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 505 60000 C
F 000 00001 A
F 851 20000 B
G 000 00001 A
G 595 20000 D
H 000 00001 A
H 748 80000 A
I 000 00001 A
I 480 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 953 60000 A
K 000 00001 A
K 134 40000 B
L 000 00001 A
L 262 40000 C
all 1969
1969A A 992 00001 A
A 396 80000 B
B 691 20001 C
B 915 20000 D
C 684 80001 A
C 134 40000 B
D 204 80001 B
D 505 60000 B
E 505 60001 C
E 166 40000 D
F 851 20001 B
F 556 80000 C
G 595 20001 D
G 352 00000 E
H 748 80001 A
H 160 00000 B
I 480 00001 A
I 697 60000 A
J 953 60001 A
J 358 40000 B
K 134 40001 B
K 409 60000 B
L 262 40001 C
L 780 80000 C
A B C D E F
G H I J L
1969A
1969B A 000 00001 A
A 947 20000 A
B 000 00001 A
B 294 40000 D
C 000 00001 A
C 332 80000 B
D 000 00001 A
D 915 20000 A
E 000 00001 A
E 800 00000 B
F 000 00001 A
F 704 00000 B
G 000 00001 A
G 044 80000 C
H 000 00001 A
H 595 20000 A
I 000 00001 A
I 339 20000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 672 00000 A
K 000 00001 A
K 166 40000 B
L 000 00001 A
L 089 60000 C
all 1969B
1969C - B 294 40001 D
B 793 60000 D
- D 915 20001 A
D 070 40000 B
E 800 00001 B
E 416 00000 C
F 704 00001 B
F 313 60000 C
G 044 80001 C
G 416 00000 D
H 595 20001 A
H 832 00000 A
I 339 20001 A
I 595 20000 A
J 672 00001 A
J 057 60000 B
K 166 40001 B
K 460 80000 B
L 089 60001 C
L 102 40000 D
D E F
G H I J K L
1969C
1969D A 000 00001 A
A 870 40000 B
B 000 00001 A
B 684 80000 E
C 000 00001 A
C 185 60000 C
D 000 00001 A
D 614 40000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 742 40000 D
F 000 00001 A
F 774 40000 D
G 000 00001 A
G 780 80000 D
H 000 00001 A
H 684 80000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 832 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 857 60000 B
K 000 00001 A
K 582 40000 B
L 000 00001 A
L 006 40000 E
A B C D E F
G H J K L
1969D
1974 A 000 00001 A
A 697 60000 C
B 000 00001 A
B 403 20000 H
C 000 00001 A
C 089 60000 D
D 000 00001 A
D 409 60000 C
E 000 00001 A
E 441 60000 G
F 000 00001 A
F 998 40000 F
G 000 00001 A
G 736 00000 E
H 000 00001 A
H 915 20000 C
I 000 00001 A
I 441 60000 B
J 000 00001 A
J 236 80000 C
K 000 00001 A
K 307 20000 D
L 000 00001 A
L 371 20000 H
all 1974
1977 A 000 00001 A
A 883 20000 B
B 000 00001 A
B 364 80000 G
C 000 00001 A
C 172 80000 C
D 000 00001 A
D 134 40000 C
E 000 00001 A
E 192 00000 E
F 000 00001 A
F 659 20000 F
G 000 00001 A
G 166 40000 G
H 000 00001 A
H 998 40000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 153 60000 B
J 000 00001 A
J 236 80000 C
K 000 00001 A
K 896 00000 C
L 000 00001 A
L 172 80000 F
all 1977
1977A A 883 20001 B
A 934 40000 D
B 364 80001 G
B 998 40000 L
C 172 80001 C
C 140 80000 E
D 134 40001 C
D 883 20000 D
E 192 00001 E
E 972 80000 H
F 659 20001 F
F 627 20000 J
G 166 40001 G
G 678 40000 I
H 000 00001 C
H 038 40000 D
I 153 60001 B
I 537 60000 B
J 236 80001 C
J 908 80000 E
K 896 00001 C
K 038 40000 G
L 172 80001 F
L 512 00000 J
all 1977A
B 000 00001 A
B 294 40000 A
1981 A 000 00001 A
A 096 00000 D
B 000 00001 A
B 672 00000 J
C 000 00001 A
C 608 00000 D
D 000 00001 A
D 960 00000 C
E 000 00001 A
E 064 00000 G
F 000 00001 A
F 448 00000 H
G 000 00001 A
G 320 00000 G
H 000 00001 A
H 640 00000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 704 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 032 00000 D
K 000 00001 A
K 864 00000 D
L 000 00001 A
L 800 00000 G
all 1981
I 000 00001 B
I 352 00000 B
1981A A 000 00001 A
A 064 00000 C
B 000 00001 A
B 416 00000 F
C 000 00001 A
C 992 00000 A
D 000 00001 A
D 896 00000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 448 00000 E
F 000 00001 A
F 864 00000 E
G 000 00001 A
G 352 00000 E
H 000 00001 A
H 832 00000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 032 00000 B
J 000 00001 A
J 768 00000 B
K 000 00001 A
K 896 00000 B
L 000 00001 A
L 640 00000 G
B E G K L 1981A
1985 A 000 00001 A
A 576 00000 F
B 000 00001 A
B 096 00000 T
C 000 00001 A
C 256 00000 E
D 000 00001 A
D 416 00000 G
E 000 00001 A
E 992 00000 L
F 000 00001 A
F 256 00000 P
G 000 00001 A
G 992 00000 L
H 000 00001 A
H 032 00000 E
I 000 00001 A
I 480 00000 C
J 000 00001 A
J 928 00000 D
K 000 00001 A
K 032 00000 H
L 000 00001 A
L 960 00000 T
E G H I K L 1985
1988 A 000 00001 A
A 192 00000 C
B 000 00001 A
B 384 00000 J
C 000 00001 A
C 960 00000 A
D 000 00001 A
D 960 00000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 448 00000 H
F 000 00001 A
F 928 00000 D
G 000 00001 A
G 256 00000 E
H 000 00001 A
H 288 00000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 640 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 384 00000 B
K 000 00001 A
K 800 00000 A
L 000 00001 A
L 960 00000 F
A B E F
J K L
1988
1988A A 000 00001 A
A 960 00000 G
B 000 00001 A
B 512 00000 X
C 000 00001 A
C 896 00000 E
D 000 00001 A
D 768 00000 E
E 000 00001 A
E 064 00000 R
F 000 00001 A
F 832 00000 Y
G 000 00001 A
G 256 00000 Y
H 000 00001 A
H 256 00000 I
I 000 00001 A
I 576 00000 J
J 000 00001 A
J 896 00000 D
K 000 00001 A
K 960 00000 I
L 000 00001 A
L 832 00000 Y
B D E F
G H I K L
1988A
1993 A 000 00001 A
A 448 00000 B
B 000 00001 A
B 448 00000 H
C 000 00001 A
C 704 00000 A
D 000 00001 A
D 128 00000 B
E 000 00001 A
E 768 00000 E
F 000 00001 A
F 512 00000 H
G 000 00001 A
G 320 00000 G
H 000 00001 A
H 256 00000 C
I 000 00001 A
I 256 00000 A
- K 000 00001 A
K 960 00000 E
L 000 00001 A
L 896 00000 K
B C F G K 1993
1995 A 000 00001 A
A 064 00000 N
B 000 00001 A
B 960 00000 Y
C 000 00001 A
C 768 00000 F
D 000 00001 A
D 256 00000 R
E 000 00001 A
E 064 00000 T
F 000 00001 A
F 576 00000 V
G 000 00001 A
G 192 00000 Q
H 000 00001 A
H 640 00000 K
I 000 00001 A
I 320 00000 N
J 000 00001 A
J 832 00000 T
K 000 00001 A
K 704 00000 N
L 000 00001 A
L 960 00000 Y
A B C D E F
G I J K L
1995
1999 A 000 00001 A
A 768 00000 G
B 000 00001 A
B 576 00000 Q
C 000 00001 A
C 256 00000 J
D 000 00001 A
D 768 00000 C
E 000 00001 A
E 768 00000 H
F 000 00001 A
F 640 00000 T
G 000 00001 A
G 960 00000 I
H 000 00001 A
H 896 00000 A
I 000 00001 A
I 128 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 512 00000 D
K 000 00001 A
K 704 00000 J
L 000 00001 A
L 256 00000 W
A B C D E F
H L
1999
2001 A 000 00001 A
A 640 00000 E
B 000 00001 A
B 064 00000 H
C 000 00001 A
C 704 00000 F
D 000 00001 A
D 192 00000 D
E 000 00001 A
E 704 00000 A
F 000 00001 A
F 576 00000 F
G 000 00001 A
G 704 00000 D
H 000 00001 A
H 832 00000 C
I 000 00001 A
I 640 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 832 00000 B
K 000 00001 A
K 128 00000 D
L 000 00001 A
L 960 00000 L
A C F
G H K L
2001
2003 A 000 00001 A
A 960 00000 D
B 000 00001 A
B 256 00000 G
C 000 00001 A
C 768 00000 E
D 000 00001 A
D 832 00000 D
E 000 00001 A
E 896 00000 J
F 000 00001 A
F 192 00000 L
G 000 00001 A
G 704 00000 H
H 000 00001 A
H 768 00000 C
I 000 00001 A
I 512 00000 B
J 000 00001 A
J 832 00000 B
K 000 00001 A
K 320 00000 H
L 000 00001 A
L 192 00000 N
A B D E F
G K L
2003
2003A A 000 00001 A
A 128 00000 D
B 000 00001 A
B 064 00000 K
C 000 00001 A
C 320 00000 C
D 000 00001 A
D 064 00000 E
E 000 00001 A
E 704 00000 H
F 000 00001 A
F 704 00000 P
G 000 00001 A
G 832 00000 I
H 000 00001 A
H 704 00000 B
I 000 00001 A
I 768 00000 A
J 000 00001 A
J 640 00000 E
K 000 00001 A
K 064 00000 H
L 000 00001 A
L 768 00000 Q
B C E F
J K
2003A

The following full blocks of Series 1974 had serial numbers only up to 99840000, rather than 99999999: B..G, C..C, E..F, F..E, F..F, J..B, K..C, L..G.

The following full blocks of Series 1981 had serial numbers only up to 99200000, rather than 99840000: A..C, B..G, B..H, B..I, C..C, E..D, E..E, E..F, F..E, F..F, F..G, G..E, G..F, J..C, L..E, L..F.

The following full blocks of Series 1988 had serial numbers only up to 96000000, rather than 99200000: A..B, B..G, B..H, B..I, C..A, D..B, E..E, E..F, E..G, L..D, L..E, L..F.

Obsolete type $1 notes

Series 1963 was the first issue of $1 Federal Reserve Notes. Previously, the $1 denomination had been issued only as Silver Certificates and United States Notes. On these note types, the first letter of the serial number had no particular significance, as they were not issued directly by the Federal Reserve Banks. So once the A..A block was completed, the next notes were printed in the B..A block, and so on. The letter O was skipped, but Z was used. After the Z..A block was completed, numbering continued in the A..B block, and so on. Each full block had serial numbers from 00000001 to 99999999, with the hundred-millionth note replaced by a star note. (Up until the middle of Series 1934, the last note of each block was often actually printed with the nine-digit number 100000000; this number had to be stamped on the note by hand, because the automatic numbering machines could print only eight digits.) Star notes had the star at the beginning of the serial number rather than the end.

Prior to Series 1935E, when notes of different series were in production simultaneously, they would often be mixed together before the serial numbers were overprinted. Therefore, it is not always possible to separate the serial numbers used on one series from those used on the next.

Silver Certificates
SeriesRegular NotesStar Notes
1928
A 000 00001 A
J 557 96000 B
  &   X 000 00001 B
X 107 28000 B

  &   Y 000 00001 B
Y 102 48000 B
  &   Z 000 00001 B
Z 102 48000 B
* 000 00001 A
* 375 60000 A
1928A
1928B
1928C
1928D
1928E
1934 A 000 00001 A
G 821 76000 A
* 000 00001 A
* 076 80000 A
1935
A 000 00001 A
M 981 28000 G
  &   N 000 00001 G
N 469 44000 G
* 000 00001 A
* 070 44000 C
&
* 000 00001 D
* 050 40000 D
1935A
1935B
1935C
1935D
1935E N 469 44001 G
P 810 00000 I
* 050 40001 D
* 572 40000 F
1935F
P 810 00001 I
B 540 00000 J
  &   B 716 40001 J
B 720 00000 J
* 572 40001 F
* 104 40000 G
1935G
B 540 00001 J
B 716 40000 J
  &   B 720 00001 J
D 802 80000 J
* 104 40001 G
* 201 60000 G
1935H D 802 80001 J
E 108 00000 J
* 201 60001 G
* 215 96000 G
1957 A 000 00001 A
B 096 00000 B
* 000 00001 A
* 076 40000 D
1957A A 000 00001 A
Q 940 80000 A
* 000 00001 A
* 947 20000 A
1957B Q 940 80001 A
Y 124 80000 A
* 948 80001 A
* 441 60000 B
United States Notes
SeriesRegular NotesStar Notes
1928 A 000 00001 A
A 018 72012 A
* 000 00001 A
* 000 24000 A


The three groups of Silver Certificates in the 1928 series with serial numbers far beyond those of the rest of the run are experimental printings. See the explanation below.

The first serial number printed for Series 1928A was D 151 36001 A; for Series 1928B, V 510 00001 A; for Series 1928C, B 294 48001 B; for Series 1928D, D 825 96001 B; and for Series 1928E, F 720 00001 B. In each case, notes of older series continued to be produced until all old printing plates had worn out, and whenever notes of different series were in production simultaneously, they were mixed at random before serial numbering. Plates for Series 1928A through 1928E all remained in use until the introduction of Series 1934 ended production of all 1928 series.

From Series 1935A onward, the series designation and signatures were part of the overprinting logotype, not the printing plate; but again, older logotypes continued to be used alongside current ones until they wore out. The first serial number printed for Series 1935A was M 076 68001 A, and the last for Series 1935 was R 815 52000 A. Similarly, Series 1935B and 1935A were both in production between serials C 933 84001 D and D 456 24000 D; and Series 1935C and 1935B were both in production between serials K 999 96001 D and M 006 48000 D. The first serial number printed for Series 1935D was R 881 04001 E, but the last serial for Series 1935C does not seem to have been recorded. With the introduction of Series 1935E, the use of old logotypes was ended, and series transitions became sharp, with no mixing of serial numbers between successive series. (In the star notes, the first serial printed for Series 1935A was * 170 76001 A, but none of the other high and low serials seem to have been recorded.)

Numbering in Series 1935D skipped serials M 981 28001 G through M 999 99999 G and * 070 44001 C through * 999 99999 C. This is due to the BEP's transition from 12-subject to 18-subject printing plates: Production from the new 18-subject plates began in the N..G and *..D blocks while the old 12-subject plates were still being used for the M..G and *..C blocks, and the last of the old plates wore out before the M..G and *..C blocks were completed. (The 18-subject plates had earlier been used to print the entire G..G block. So blocks G..G and N..G were printed simultaneously with, and separately from, blocks H..G through M..G.)

For the same reason, from the *..D block onward there are many small gaps of 64,000 or 280,000 missing numbers in the serial numbering of the 1935-series star notes, just as occur in the FRN stars printed in 18-subject sheets. The tables above do not attempt to show all these gaps; I do not have complete information on where they fall in the serial ranges.

The 360,000 Series 1935F Silver Certificates with serial numbers B 716 40001 J to B 720 00000 J, in the middle of the Series 1935G range, were involved in a test of new automated inspection equipment at the BEP. It is unclear exactly why this test affected the series designation of these notes.

The motto "In God We Trust" was added to the backs of the $1 Silver Certificates in the middle of Series 1935G, beginning at serial numbers D 489 60001 J and * 190 80001 G.

There are many small gaps of 160,000 missing numbers in the serial numbering of the 1957-series star notes, just as occur in the early series of FRNs printed in 32-subject sheets. However, I do not have information on where these gaps fall (other than the one between the serial ranges for Series 1957A and 1957B).

Special issue $1 notes

Wartime emergency issues: During World War II, some Series 1935A Silver Certificates were printed with yellow, rather than blue, seals. These notes were used to pay U.S. troops in North Africa and the Middle East, the idea being that the specially printed notes could easily be identified and demonetised if a large quantity fell into enemy hands. For similar reasons, other Series 1935A Silver Certificates were printed with brown seals and serial numbers; these notes were issued for general circulation in Hawaii, which it was feared might be captured by Japan.

The following tables give the serial number ranges for these special printings of $1 notes.

North Africa Notes
(Yellow seal)
B 300 00001 C - B 310 00000 C
B 516 24001 C - B 526 24000 C
B 990 00001 C - B 999 99999 C
C 600 00001 C - C 620 00000 C
C 780 00001 C - C 799 04000 C
F 419 52001 C - F 419 64000 C
I 300 00001 C - I 400 00000 C
R 900 00001 C - R 999 99999 C
* 683 64001 A - * 683 88000 A
* 709 56001 A - * 710 04000 A
* 795 60001 A - * 796 32000 A
Hawaii Notes
(Brown seal)
Y 686 28001 B - Y 716 28000 B
Z 990 00001 B - Z 999 99999 B
A 990 00001 C - A 999 99999 C
C 000 00001 C - C 070 00000 C
F 419 64001 C - F 419 76000 C
L 759 96001 C - L 789 96000 C
P 319 92001 C - P 370 32000 C
S 399 96001 C - S 549 96000 C
* 648 12001 A - * 648 60000 A
* 660 84001 A - * 661 08000 A
* 702 60001 A - * 703 32000 A
* 873 60001 A - * 874 08000 A
* 911 28001 A - * 911 40000 A


Experimental printings: The $1 denomination has frequently been chosen for tests of alternative paper compositions and printing techniques. Often, special runs of serial numbers were set aside for the experimental notes, so that they could be easily identified later to observe how well they held up in circulation.

The first group of experimental notes were printed in Series 1928A and 1928B. There were three batches of notes printed, two on different test papers and one on regular paper as a control group. The notes on special paper were numbered X 000 00001 B through X 107 28000 B and Y 000 00001 B through Y 102 48000 B; the control group on regular paper was numbered Z 000 00001 B through Z 102 48000 B. Note that these serial numbers are well above the ranges used on any other notes from the 1928 series.

Another group of experimentals was printed in Series 1935. Again the test involved three batches of notes: one on paper with a special finish, numbered A 000 00001 B through A 061 80000 B; one on special paper, numbered B 000 00001 B through B 033 00000 B; and a control group on regular paper numbered C 000 00001 B through C 033 00000 B. These serial number ranges are above any others used on Series 1935, but they do fall within the ranges used for Series 1935A. I've not been able to determine whether the same serial numbers were used again in Series 1935A when the regular print runs reached these blocks.

Series 1935A "S" experimental note

A third issue of experimental notes, in Series 1935A, was conducted somewhat differently. This time, the serial numbers used were in sequence with the ordinary production; the experimental notes were identified by large red letters "R" and "S", for regular and special paper respectively, overprinted on the face of the notes to the right of the seal. The "R" notes were numbered S 708 84001 C through S 720 68000 C and * 911 76001 A through * 911 88000 A, and the "S" notes were numbered S 738 84001 C through S 750 68000 C and * 911 88001 A through * 912 00000 A.

Later experimental runs were not always so easily detected. One print run of Series 1963 $1 FRNs was produced on experimental paper, but it was not identified by either special serial numbers or distinctive markings. In this case, the BEP's purpose was not to test a different paper composition, but to test the ability of a new supplier, the Gilbert Paper Company, to duplicate the usual currency paper. The notes involved in this test were numbered C 608 00001 A through C 614 40000 A. No additional paper was ordered from the Gilbert Co., but the option was left available in case the BEP's usual supply of paper was ever interrupted.

A similar experiment took place in 1981, when the BEP produced a few print runs of notes on Natick security paper. The notes involved were Series 1977A $1's with serial numbers E 768 00001 H through E 806 40000 H and E 070 52001 * through E 076 80000 *. (Note that many references incorrectly list this star range as Philadelphia instead of Richmond.) One run of $10 star notes was also included in this paper test, making it the only experimental printing so far not restricted to the $1 denomination.

A more recent example of an experiment involving $1 notes was the trial use of a web-fed printing press in the mid-1990s. Unlike the earlier experiments, in this case it was the printing technique and not the paper that was changed. Also, the number of experimental notes released for circulation was much larger than in the previous instances, as tests continued over a period of several years. For some background on the web press, and a table of the serial number ranges of the notes printed on it, see the page on web notes.

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